Bolivia Restores Ties with Iran, Venezuela After Socialists Return to Power

Bolivia’s new president, Luis Arce, has moved swiftly to restore ties with Iran and Venezuela, receiving the credentials of ambassadors from the two countries on Wednesday, just three days after his socialist party retook the reins of power.Bolivia’s government said in a statement it wanted to “reestablish diplomatic relations damaged by the previous de facto government” led by conservative interim President Jeanine Anez.Writing on Twitter, Arce said he was restoring bilateral relations with Venezuela “to strengthen strategic ties for the good of our peoples.”He said the same was being done with Iran and that “they are always welcome in Bolivia. We will continue to strengthen common projects.”Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif attended Arce’s swearing-in ceremony in La Paz on Sunday as part of a tour of leftist Latin American nations that included Venezuela and Cuba.Venezuela and Iran were key allies for former Bolivian President Evo Morales, an Arce ally who swept into office as the country’s first indigenous president in 2006 and resigned under pressure over disputed elections last year.Former Bolivian President Evo Morales attends a rally to welcome him to Chimore, Bolivia, Nov. 11, 2020, from where he flew into exile one year ago.Morales had planned to make Iran a partner in the exploitation of its bountiful lithium reserves, while he and longtime ally President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela frequently sympathized publicly over what they called U.S. “meddling” in the region.But days after Anez took power last November, Venezuelan diplomats and Cuban doctors were expelled amid accusations by the interim government that they had fomented unrest following Morales’ departure.Now, with the return to power of Morales’ socialist MAS Party — with Arce at the helm following elections in October — Bolivia is resetting its foreign policy again.On Monday, Morales returned to Bolivia from exile in Argentina and on Wednesday was feted in a ceremony in Chimore, a town in his native Chapare province, a central coca-growing region.In a speech, Morales urged Latin American nations to maintain their sovereignty over natural resources.”The West, that is the industrialized countries, only want us Latin Americans so that we can guarantee them raw material,” he said in a broadcast speech.Arce did not attend the event and has not yet referred publicly to the return of Morales, who he has said will play no role in his government.

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